In Los Angeles, the majority of suspects in anti-black crimes were Latino and vice versa
Reported incidents of hate crimes in Los Angeles County increased for the first time in four years, while such incidents in schools have more than doubled from last year, according to a report released Thursday.
The 26% spike in reported countywide hate crimes last year was fueled primarily by a nearly 50% jump in racially motivated offenses, especially toward immigrants and between African Americans and Latinos, according to an annual analysis by the county Commission on Human Relations.
The report tracked hate crimes reported to law enforcement or other agencies, but did not address which ones led to criminal charges or arrests.
Conflicts between blacks and Latinos erupted on the streets, in jails and at schools, with school-based hate crimes soaring by 111%. Many of these incidents on or near campus occurred in South Los Angeles, the report said.
The figure does not include 11 of 14 large student scuffles last year. The commission did not receive reports on those incidents because it was difficult to determine if they were racially motivated.
"All it takes is one incident," Supervisor Yvonne Brathwaite Burke said.
The rise in hate crimes reported across the county bucks state and national downward trends, the commission found. The city of Los Angeles also measured a roughly 10% dip in hate crimes, said Assistant Chief Earl Paysinger of the Los Angeles Police Department.
Yet the number of reported hate crimes recorded last year — 633 — is still the second-lowest number since 1990. The 2004 tally was 502 incidents.
Violent acts of prejudice are "a virus in the petri dish of our society," Paysinger said. "It remains a significant challenge. The first step in inoculating us from this disease is awareness."
Nearly two-thirds of incidents last year were racially motivated, with 15% caused by religious intolerance and 15% related to sexual orientation. Attacks related to sexual orientation dropped by about a quarter from last year.
Blacks were the most common victims of hate crimes in 2005, followed by Latinos; gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender individuals; and Jews. Violence and vandalism were the most widespread offenses.
"The first step to solving this problem is identifying it," said Amanda Susskind, regional director of the Anti-Defamation League. "This is not a problem that's going away soon."
The commission's report highlighted simmering tensions between blacks and Latinos: the majority of suspects in anti-black crimes were Latino and vice versa, according to the organization's data. Hostilities sparked by heated debate regarding immigration could account in part for the increase in anti-Latino incidents, said Robin S. Toma, executive director of the commission.
Violent bigotry on rise in area