Tuesday, April 25, 2006

Are Polish Roma Gypsies related to Ashkenazi Jews?

BA Malyarchuk:

Mitochondrial DNA variability in the Polish Roma population has been studied by means of hypervariable segment I and II (HVS I and II) sequencing and restriction fragment-length polymorphism analysis of the mtDNA coding region. The mtDNA haplotypes detected in the Polish Roma fall into the common Eurasian mitochondrial haplogroups (H, U3, K, J1, X, I, W, and M*). The results of complete mtDNA sequencing clearly indicate that the Romani M*-lineage belongs to the Indian-specific haplogroup M5, which is characterized by three transitions in the coding region, at sites 12477, 3921 and 709. Molecular variance analysis inferred from mtDNA data reveals that genetic distances between the Roma groups are considerably larger than those between the surrounding European populations. Also, there are significant differences between the Bulgarian Roma (Balkan and Vlax groups) and West European Roma (Polish, Lithuanian and Spanish groups). Comparative analysis of mtDNA haplotypes in the Roma populations shows that different haplotypes appear to demonstrate impressive founder effects: M5 and H (16261-16304) in all Romani groups; U3, I and J1 in some Romani groups. Interestingly, haplogroup K (with HVS I motif 16224-16234-16311) found in the Polish Roma sample seems to be specific for Ashkenazi Jewish populations.

Genetic studies of the Roma (Gypsies): a review

Patterns of inter- and intra-group genetic diversity in the Vlax Roma as revealed by Y chromosome and mitochondrial DNA lineages


At 6:10 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

rt oui cela doit se savoir voici encore un lien

Identification of the 185delAG BRCA1 mutation in a Spanish Gypsy population.

Diez O, Domenech M, Alonso MC, Brunet J, Sanz J, Cortes J, del Rio E, Baiget M.

Department of Genetics, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain.

The 185delAG BRCA1 deletion occurs with a high frequency in Ashkenazi Jews. We detected this mutation in two Spanish Gypsy women (the only Gypsy participants) in an extensive study of 90 high-risk families and 160 women with early-onset breast cancer. One of these Gypsy women belonged to a high-risk family and the other had had early-onset breast cancer. The mutation was also detected in 1 out of 25 Gypsy samples unrelated to breast cancer. All the samples with the mutation shared the marker alleles present in Jewish samples with 185delAG. This is the first report of this mutation in a non-Jewish well-defined ethnic population. According to these findings the carrier frequency of this mutation in Gypsy individuals could be several times higher than that of the general population, and this should be taken into consideration in genetic screening for cancer in Gypsy populations.


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