Blacks at high risk for some ailments
• African-Americans have among the highest rates of hypertension of any race or ethnic type in the world.
• 35 percent of African-Americans have hypertension, which accounts for 20 percent of the African-American deaths in the United States - twice the percentage of deaths among whites from hypertension. Compared with whites, hypertension develops earlier in life and average blood pressures are much higher in African-Americans.
• African-Americans with high blood pressure have an 80 percent higher chance of dying from a stroke than in the general population.
• African-Americans with high blood pressure have a 20 percent higher chance of developing heart disease than in the general population.
• African-Americans with high blood pressure have a four times greater risk of developing hypertension-related end-stage kidney disease than the general population.
Source: CDC, National Center for Health Statistics
• Seven percent of the U.S. population has diabetes, but the disease disproportionately affects African-Americans.
More than 3 million or 13.3 percent of all African-Americans age 20 years or older have diabetes.
• African-American are 1.8 times more likely to have diabetes as non-Hispanic whites.
• Twenty-five percent of African- Americans between the ages of 65 and 74 have diabetes.
• One in four African-American women over 55 has diabetes.
Source: American Diabetes Association
• African-Americans are three times more likely to be hospitalized from asthma than non-Hispanic whites.
• African-Americans are three times more likely to die from asthma.
• African-American women have the highest asthma mortality rate of all groups, more than 2.5 times higher than Caucasian women.
Source: Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America
Diabetic blacks, Hispanics face more hospitalizations